Das Nullspiel im Skat stellt die Skatregeln auf den Kopf. Denn während ein reguläres Farbspiel derjenige gewinnt, der die meisten Augen in seinen Stichen. Wie für andere spezielle Skat Varianten, sei es ein Nullspiel oder Skat Revolution, gelten auch für einen Grand andere Regeln als für ein reguläres Farbspiel. Null ouvert - offenes Nullspiel mit Einsicht in den Skat = 46, Null ouvert aus der Hand = Diese Spielwerte werden nicht aus Reizfaktor x Grundwert errechnet.
Spielregeln SkatNull ouvert - offenes Nullspiel mit Einsicht in den Skat = 46, Null ouvert aus der Hand = Diese Spielwerte werden nicht aus Reizfaktor x Grundwert errechnet. Wie für andere spezielle Skat Varianten, sei es ein Nullspiel oder Skat Revolution, gelten auch für einen Grand andere Regeln als für ein reguläres Farbspiel. Bei einem Nullspiel hat der Einzelspieler gewonnen, wenn er keinen Stich erhalten hat. Ihm werden dann die möglichen Reizwerte (Null = 23, Null Hand = 35,).
Nullspiel Skat Todas as categorias VideoHow To Skat #70: Trumpf ziehen von oben oder von unten (4)
Zum Inhalt springen Die Nullspiele sind erst nachträglich ins System der übrigen Spiele eingebaut worden. Null Ouvert Hand Wert 59 Der Spieler lässt den Skat unbesehen auf dem Tisch liegen und legt seine Karten offen hin Bei allen Nullspielen sind die Karten anders gereiht.
Entwicklung der Nullspiele Da Gewinnstufen fehlen, setzte man bei den Nullspielen von Anfang an nur unveränderliche Spielwerte ein. Null — 23 zwischen 22 und 24 Pik — Kreuz mit 2 Fällen Null Ouvert — 46 zwischen 44 und 48 Pik — Kreuz mit 4 Fällen Null-Hand — 35 zwischen 33 und 36 Pik — Kreuz mit 3 Fällen Null Ouvert Hand — 59 zwischen 55 und 60 Pik — Kreuz mit 5 Fällen Man erhielt erhielt so eine Spielwertsteigerung innerhalb der 4 Nullspiele, die derjenigen aller übrigen entspricht und sich harmonisch in das System des Skats einfügt.
Nullspiel : 4,33 von 5 Punkten, basierend auf 95 abgegebenen Stimmen. Diese Website benutzt Cookies. Meno K Lv 5. Bei einem Nullspiel kannst du bis 23 reizen.
Bei Null Hand darfst du bis 35 reizen. Bei Null ouvert darfst du bis 46 reizen. The remaining 16 cards are then dealt; four face down to each player making a second row and then four face up to each player on top of them.
If the dealer has said "kontra" after receiving his first four face-up cards, the forehand can answer "Re! As in Skat, one of the four suits is nominated as the trump suit in addition to the jacks French card pack or Unters German card pack.
The trump suit sets the game value at 24 Grand , 12 acorns , 11 leaves , 10 hearts or 9 bells points. There is also the option to choose Ramsch i.
The non-trump suit cards are ranked AK-Q or AK-O for the German pack respectively. The player who has chosen trumps, the declarer, starts the game by leading to the first trick with one of his face-up cards.
The player going second must 'follow suit' if possible. If a player is unable to follow suit, i. The rules are the same as those for Suit , Grand and Ramsch in Skat.
After each trick, any exposed face down cards are flipped. The winner of the trick leads to the next trick.
The game ends when all 16 tricks have been taken; then both players add up their 'card points' from the cards they have won.
The game is won by the player who has amassed the most card points. Because the total value of all the cards is card points, a winning score is 61 or more card points.
The cards have the same values as in skat: 11, 10, 4, 3 and 2 points Ace, 10, King, Ober , Unter , the cards 7, 8 and 9 do not count.
The declarer receives 'game points' according to his win or loss. These are calculated as in normal Skat. First the number of matadors Spitzen is calculated.
This is the either the number of Jacks or Unters held in unbroken sequence, beginning with the Jack of Clubs or Unter of Acorns or, alternatively, the number not held in unbroken sequence.
The number of matadors plus one is then multiplied by the base value of the trump suit Bells: 9, Hearts: 10, Leaves: 11, Acorns: 12 or Grand: If his opponent has won less than 30 card points i.
The first book on the rules of Skat was published in by a secondary school teacher J. These were the first official rules finally published in a book form in by Theodor Thomas of Leipzig.
The word Skat is a Tarok term  derived from the Latin word scarto, scartare , which means to discard or reject, and its derivative scatola , a box or a place for safe-keeping.
Skat is a game for three players, who are known as forehand , middlehand and rearhand , rearhand also being the dealer see picture.
At the beginning of each round, or "deal", one player becomes declarer and the other two players become the defending team.
The two defenders are not allowed to communicate in any way except by their choice of cards to play. The game can also be played by four players.
In this case, the dealer will sit out the round that was dealt, while the player to his right will play the role taken by the dealer in the three-player variant.
A central aspect of the game are the three coexisting varieties called "suit", "grand" and "null" games, that differ in suit order, scoring and even overall goal to achieve.
Each round of the game starts with a bidding phase to determine the declarer and the required minimum game value explained below. Then, ten tricks are played, allowing players to take trick points.
Each card has a card value except in null games and is worth that number of points for the player winning the trick. The total value of all cards is points.
The declarer's goal is to take at least 61 points in tricks in order to win that round of the game. Otherwise, the defending team wins the round.
Points from tricks are not directly added to the players' overall score, they are used only to determine the outcome of the game win or loss for declarer , although winning by certain margins may increase the score for that round.
After each round a score is awarded in accordance with the game value. If the declarer wins they are awarded a positive score, if they lose the score is doubled and subtracted from the declarer's tally i.
In tournaments a winning declarer gets an additional 50 points if they win, if the defending team wins however they receive 40 points each in addition to the declarer losing twice the game's value in points.
The pack consists of 32 cards. Some players in Eastern and Southern Germany and Austria prefer traditional German packs with suits of acorns , leaves , hearts and bells , and card values of deuce Daus , king König , Ober , Unter , 10, 9, 8, and 7 in all four suits.
By contrast, regions of the former West Germany had adopted a French-suited pack. At the beginning of each round each player is dealt ten cards, with the two remaining cards the so-called Skat being put face down in the middle of the table.
Dealing follows this pattern: deal three cards each, then deal the Skat , then four cards each, then three cards again "three— Skat —four—three".
In four-player rounds, the dealer does not receive any cards and skips actual play of the round. He or she may peek into the hand of one other player if allowed to do so but never into the Skat.
Dealing rotates clockwise around the table, so that the player sitting to the left of the dealer will be dealer for the next round. After the cards have been dealt, and before the deal is played out, a bidding or auction German : Reizen is held to decide:.
The goal for each player during the bidding is to bid a game value as high as their card holding would allow, but never higher than necessary to win the bidding.
How the actual game value is determined is explained in detail below and is necessary to understand in order to know how high one can safely bid.
It is possible for a player to overbid, which leads to an automatic loss of the game in question. Often this does not become obvious before the player picks up the Skat , or even not before the end of the game in question in case of a hand game, when the Skat is not picked up.
Players have therefore to exercise careful scrutiny during bidding, as not to incur an unnecessary loss. The bidding may also give away some information about what cards a player may or may not hold.
Experienced players will be able to use this to their advantage. The game value also called hand value , German : Spielwert is what the game will be worth after all tricks have been played.
It is determined not only by the 10 cards held, but also by the two-card Skat. The Skat always belongs to the declarer, and if it contains certain high cards this may change the game value.
It is therefore not possible in general to determine the exact game value before knowing the Skat. The game value is determined by the type of the game and the game level as explained below for the suit, grand and null games.
In a suit game German : Farbspiel , one of the four suits is the trump suit. Each suit has a base value German : Grundwert , as follows:. This base value is then multiplied by the multiplier game level German : Spielstufe or Gewinngrad to determine the game value, so:.
The multiplier game level of 1 for becoming declarer is always assumed. It is then increased by one for each of the following:.
In case of a Hand game declarer does not pick up the Skat , the following special cases are allowed.
Each one increases the multiplier game level by another point:. Cards in the trump suit are ordered as follows this is important to know when counting the length of the matador's jack straight :.
The non-trump suit cards are ranked AK-Q or AK-O for the German pack respectively. As mentioned above, the cards in the Skat are to be included when determining the multiplier game level also in case of the Hand game, where the Skat is unknown until after the deal has been played out.
During bidding, each player therefore has incomplete information regarding the true game value. The final game value is calculated by multiplying the base value for the suit by the multiplier game level:.
Grand game is a special case of suit game, in which only the Jacks are trumps in the same order as in the suit game:. The base value for the grand game is 24 in the official rules.
It used to be 20 until , and many hobbyists continued to use 20 well into the postwar era. All other rules for determining game value are as in a suit game, that is, the base value of 24 is multiplied by the multiplier game level.
In the null game, declarer promises not to take any tricks at all. There is no trump suit, 10s are sorted directly above 9s, and jacks are treated as normal suit cards sorted between 10 and queen.
Thus the cards are ordered: A-K-Q-J The game values of null games are fixed, as follows:. The following examples give a player's holding and the contents of the Skat which will be unknown to all players during the bidding and explain how to derive the game value.
The multiplier game level will be 2 1 for matador's jack straight plus 1 for becoming declarer.